8 Programming Languages that could shake up IT
Do we really need a programming language to emerge newly? We have enough of everything to work on! In between the imperative languages, functional languages, object-oriented languages, dynamic languages, compiled languages, interpreted languages, and scripting languages, no developer could ever learn all of the options available today.
Go and Swift languages both have a good possibility of moving from the second tier to the first over the next two to three years probably.
Most of the languages in the top tier are well-established. It just takes a while for a programming language to fall out of the top tier, and it’s very hard for a second-tier language to break into the top tier.
In this article, we have suggested the languages which fall in the third tier and waiting to emerge.
Additional features are:
- No Runtime Exceptions
Elm code has a reputation that it never throwbacks any runtime exceptions.
- Helpful Compiler
Elm is highly admired for its user-friendly compiler which gives the most helpful error messages while compiling.
- Fast and Functional
It is a purely functional programming language with no variations. This guarantee makes the Elm code scale nicely and also helps in rendering UI’s.
The next comes Rust, a system programming language. It primarily has three design goals such as:
Rust takes best practices from modern C++ like RAII and smart pointers which systematically ensures that pure Rust code is memory-safe.
Most of the languages take more time to run than C language since they provide abstractions that make software development easier but with a substantial runtime overhead. But Rust focuses on ‘Zero Cost Abstractions’ which in turn boosts up the speed.
Rust tries to alleviate fragile and error-prone issues by providing type-level guarantees for what kinds of values can be shared between threads and where.
Kotlin has the following characteristics such as:
One should create a language which is adaptable to all kinds of platforms such as mobiles, desktops, laptops, or the server side.
Kotlin precise the lines of code which are necessary to express certain constructs.
Kotlin permits the language to interoperate with existing Java codebases, libraries, and frameworks, allowing for gradual adoption and leveraging existing investments.
Crystal is a high-level, statically typed, compiled, fully object-oriented programming language with advanced type inference and garbage collection.
Design goals of Crystal include:
- Crystal has a syntax similar to Ruby.
- It compiles to efficient native code.
- Crystal is statistically typed out language without the need to specify the type of variables or method arguments.
Crystal has unique features such as:
It uses Macros to avoid typical codes and gaining metaprogramming abilities. Macros are quite powerful and are evaluated at compile time, meaning they have no performance penalty.
Thanks to Ruby, Crystal is really attractive and easy to understand. It is also easy for newcomers to learn and pays off in the long run with less maintenance.
Elixir was introduced in the year 2012, which is a general purpose functionality language mainly designed to achieve scalability, productivity, and maintainability. While the language is relatively new, it converts into bytecodes by running on ERLANG. Erlang Virtual Machine has been ruling the industry for past 25 years, providing massive, high-availability, and low-latency systems.
Currently, Elixir is used in building the web application using Cowboy or Phoenix.
Elixir Goals include:
- Highly Concurrent and Stable
The Language is designed in such a way that it is highly concurrent and stable which also tackles the problems of the users.
- Friendly Functional Programming
It has a powerful, clear and approachable syntax.
Here are some reasons why we should use Dart:
- Easy to Learn
Dart supports both loose and strong typing, making it much easier to use when moving from a different language.
One can easily and quickly create a layout and add functionality to an app. The layout is all created in the code itself, creating a series of “widgets”. All because Dart is productive.
Here are fa ew reasons why one should choose Ceylon language
- Clean and Efficient Syntax
Ceylon language comes up with good and approachable syntax in which one may get efficient code.
- There will be no Ceylon virtual machine
The Ceylon compiler will output the Java bytecode which runs on the JVM.
- Seamless Web Development
Opa is designed with an aim of proposing a new paradigm for Web Development. Opa application includes the client-side UI, server-side logic, and database I/O are all implemented in a single language, Opa.
Its features include the following:
- High Performance
If you use these Languages, there is an assurance that, you can have productivity without sacrificing performance (or vice versa), a claim not easily made by many other languages.
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